Interference competition: odours of an apex predator and conspecifics influence resource acquisition by red foxes

Full citation: 
Leo, V., Reading, R. P. & Letnic, M. Interference competition: odours of an apex predator and conspecifics influence resource acquisition by red foxes. Oecologia (2015). doi:10.1007/s00442-015-3423-2
Author/s associated with the CES: 
Viyanna Leo
Mike Letnic

Apex predators can impact smaller predators via lethal effects that occur through direct killing, and non-lethal effects that arise when fear-induced behavioural and physiological changes reduce the fitness of smaller predators. To read full publication, click here

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