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Kingsford et al. 2015 A commentary on ‘Long-term ecological trends of flow-dependent ecosystems in a major regulated river basin’, by Colloff et al.

Colloff et al. in Marine and Freshwater Research (http:dx.doi.org/10.1071/MF14067) examined time-series data for flow-dependent vegetation, invertebrates, fish, frogs, reptiles and waterbirds in the Murray–Darling Basin, 1905–2013. They concluded that temporal patterns fluctuated, declining during droughts and recovering after floods. They suggested that major changes in land use in the late 19th century permanently modified these freshwater ecosystems, irretrievably degrading them before major water diversions. Restoring water to the environment might then be interpreted as not addressing biotic declines. We argue that their conclusions are inadequately supported, although data quality remains patchy and they neglected the influence of hydrology and the timing and extent of water resource development. We are critical of the lack of adequate model specification and the omission of statistical power analyses. We show that declines of native flow-dependent flora and fauna have continued through the 20th and early 21st centuries, in response to multiple factors, including long-term changes in flow regimes. We argue that flow-regime changes have been critical, but not in isolation. So, returning water to the environment is a prerequisite for sustained recovery but governments need to improve monitoring and analyses to adequately determine effectiveness of management of the rivers and wetlands of the Murray–Darling Basin.

Full text: http://www.publish.csiro.au/?paper=MF15185

Pomilia et al 2015 African wild dog ranging patterns in northern Botswana

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Rees et al. 2015 Ravens are a key threat to beach-nesting birds

Fish waste left on beaches by recreational fishers could harm shore-nesting birds by attracting native crows that eat the birds’ eggs. To read full publication, click here

Lucas et al. 2014 Mapping forest growth and degradation stage in the Brigalow Belt Bioregion of Australia through integration of ALOS PALSAR and Landsat-derived Foliage Projective Cover (FPC) data
Kingsford et al. 2014 Birds of the Murray-Darling Basin

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Letten and Keith 2014 Phylogenetic and functional dissimilarity does not increase during temporal heathland succession

The compelling idea that closely related species should be less likely to coexist on account of their overlapping needs dates back to Darwin. It follows from Darwin's hypothesis that if species compete more intensely as communities mature, recently assembled communities (such as those emerging in the wake of a fire) will consist of closer relatives than older communities. Researchers from the Centre for Ecosystem Science tested this theory using a long-term dataset of community assembly in fire-prone heathland vegetation. Contrary to expectations, the relatedness of coexisting species tended to increase in the wake of fires, thus challenging this logical extention to one of ecology's oldest hypotheses.

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Brandis et al 2014 Assessing the use of camera traps to measure reproductive success in Straw-necked Ibis breeding colonies

Summary. Nest monitoring may influence reproductive success and rates of predation. This study compared data from two methods of monitoring nests — repeated visits to nests by investigators and collection of data by camera traps — in Straw-necked Ibis Threskiornis spinicollis breeding colonies in the Murrumbidgee catchment in New South Wales. There was no significant difference in reproductive success between nests monitored by these two methods. These data show that (1) nest monitoring using camera traps is a valid survey method that reduces the need for investigators to engage in intensive and costly monitoring in the field, and (2) there was no detectable interference from repeated visits to nests by investigators on the reproductive success of ibis.

Borchard and Eldridge 2014 Does artificial light influence the activity of vertebrates beneath rural buildings?

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Bino et al. 2014 Identifying minimal sets of survey techniques for multi-species monitoring across landscapes: An approach utilising species distribution models

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Schwentner et al. 2014 Evolutionary systematics of the Australian Eocyzicus fauna (Crustacea: Branchiopoda: Spinicaudata) reveals hidden diversity and phylogeographic structure

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Porter and Kingsford 2014 Aerial Survey of Wetland Birds in Eastern Australia - October 2014 Annual Summary Report View PDF
Ripple et al. 2014 Status and ecological effects of the world’s largest carnivores

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Timms 2014 Aquatic invertebrates of pit gnammas in southwest Australia
Letnic et al. 2014 Artificial watering points are focal points for activity by an invasive herbivore but not native herbivores in conservation reserves in arid Australia
Chagué-Goff et al. 2014 Impact of tsunami inundation on soil salinisation – up to one year after the 2011 Tohoku-oki tsunami

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CES 2014 Centre for Ecosystem Science Annual Report 2013 View PDF
Bino et al. 2014 Maximizing colonial waterbirds' breeding events using identified ecological thresholds and environmental flow management

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Mishler et al. 2014 Phylogenetic measures of biodiversity and neo- and paleo-endemism in Australian Acacia
Keith et al. 2013 Scientific foundations for an IUCN Red List of ecosystems

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Kingsford et al. 2013 Waterbird communities in the Murray-Darling Basin, 1983-2012 View PDF
Schwentner et al. 2013 Cyclestheria hislopi (Crustacea: Branchiopoda): A group of morphologically cryptic species with origins in the Cretaceous

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Timms et al. 2013 Temporal changes in the macroinvertebrate fauna of two glacial lakes, Cootapatamba and Albina, Snowy Mountains, New South Wales

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French et al. 2013 Invasion of woody shrubs and trees
Laffan et al. 2013 Using endemism to assess representation of protected areas – the family Myrtaceae in the Greater Blue Mountains World Heritage Area

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Bino et al. 2013 Adaptive management of Ramsar wetlands View PDF
Somaweera et al. 2013 Why does vulnerability to toxic invasive cane toads vary among populations of Australian freshwater crocodiles?

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Timms 2013 A revision of the Australian species of Lynceus Müller, 1776 (Crustacea: Branchiopoda: Laevicaudata, Lynceidae)

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Mason et al. 2013 Arrival order among native plant functional groups does not affect invasibility of constructed dune communities
Letnic et al. 2013 Ecologically functional landscapes and the role of dingoes as trophic regulators in south-eastern Australia and other habitats

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Porter and Kingsford 2013 Aerial Survey of Wetland Birds in Eastern Australia - October 2013 Annual Summary Report View PDF

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