Gilad Bino

Dr Gilad Bino

Research interests

My research is focused on understanding the underlying processes shaping biodiversity at multiple spatial and temporal scales. I am passionate about the application of ecological research and developing a robust scientific basis for conservation. Over the years, I have been intensively involved in ecological research including both monitoring and developing complex ecological models.

As part of an ARC research project, the Platypus Conservation Initiative, I'm investigating platypus population dynamics, movements, health, and genetics to assess the impacts of river regulation on the species. I'm using collated information to develop a national risk assessment for the platypus and identify best conservation practices to safeguard the platypus from a human-driven extinction.


I'm also researching freshwater ecosystems to promote better conservation practiceis through the use of ecological models including establishing quantitative environmental objectives, identifying thresholds of probable concern, and wetland prioritisation for waterbirds across the Murray Darling Basin.

I am always looking for new and exciting collaborations! so please contact me.



Refereed journal articles

  1. Bino, G., Kingsford, R. T., & Brandis, K. (2016). Australia's wetlands–learning from the past to manage for the future. Pacific Conservation Biology, 22(2), 116-129.
  2. Roque, F. O., Ochoa‐Quintero, J., Ribeiro, D. B., Sugai, L. S., Costa‐Pereira, R., Lourival, R., & Bino, G. (2016). Upland habitat loss as a threat to Pantanal wetlands. Conservation Biology.
  3. Kapota, D., Dolev, A., Bino, G., Yosha, D., Guter, A., King, R., & Saltz, D. (2016). Determinants of emigration and their impact on survival during dispersal in fox and jackal populations. Scientific reports, 6.
  4. Bino G, Kingsford RT, Porter J (2015) Prioritizing Wetlands for Waterbirds in a Boom and Bust System: Waterbird Refugia and Breeding in the Murray-Darling Basin. PLoS ONE 10(7): e0132682. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0132682
  5. Kingsford, R., Mac Nally, R., King, A., Walker, K., Bino, G., Thompson, R., Wassens, S., and Humphries, P. (2015) A commentary on â Long-term ecological trends of flow-dependent ecosystems in a major regulated river basinâ by Mathew J. Colloff, Peter Caley, Neil Saintilan, Carmel A. Pollino and Neville D. Crossman. Marine and Freshwater Research.
  6. Bino, G., S. A. Sisson, R.T. Kingsford, R. F. Thomas, S. Bowen (2015) Developing state and transition models of floodplain vegetation dynamics as a tool for conservation decision-making: a case study of the Macquarie Marshes Ramsar wetland. Journal of Applied Ecology.    In press DOI:10.1111/1365-2664.12410
  7. Catelotti, K., R.T. Kingsford, G. Bino, and P. Bacon (2015) Inundation requirements for persistence and recovery of river red gums (Eucalyptus camaldulensis) in semi-arid Australia. Biological Conservation. 185: 346-356
  8. Bino, G. , C. Steinfeld, R.T., Kingsford. (2014) Maximizing colonial waterbirds’ breeding events using identified ecological thresholds and environmental flow management. Ecological Applications. 24: 142-157.
  9. Bino, G., D. Ramp, R.T. Kingsford. (2013) Niche evolution in Australian terrestrial mammals? Clarifying scale-dependencies in phylogenetic and functional drivers of communities. Evolutionary Ecology, 27:1159-1173.
  10. Bino, G., D. Ramp, R.T. Kingsford. (2012) Improving bioregional frameworks for conservation by including mammal distributions. Austral Ecology, 38:393-404.
  11. Bino, G., D. Ramp and R.T. Kingsford. (2014) Identifying minimal sets of survey techniques for multi-species monitoring across landscapes: An approach utilising species distribution models. International Journal of Geographical Information Science. 28: 1674-1708.
  12. Roger, E., G. Bino., D. Ramp. (2012). Linking habitat suitability and road mortalities across geographic ranges. Landscape Ecology, 27:1167-1181.
  13. Bino, G., A. Dolev, D. Yosha, A. Guter, R. King, D. Saltz, S. Kark. (2010). Abrupt spatial and numerical responses of overabundant foxes to a reduction in anthropogenic resources. Journal of Applied Ecology, 47:1262-1271.
  14. Lanszki, J., G. Giannatos, A. Dolev, G. Bino, M. Heltai. (2010). Late autumn trophic flexibility of the golden jackal (Canis aureus). Acta Theriologica, 55:361-370.
  15. Bino, G., N. Levin, S. Darawshi, N. Van Der Hal, A. Reich-Solomon, S. Kark. (2008). Accurate prediction of bird species richness patterns in an urban environment using Landsat-derived NDVI and spectral unmixing. International Journal of Remote Sensing, 29:3675-3700.

Scholarly book chapters

  1. Bino, G., K. Jenkins, and R. T., Kingsford. (2014) Climate adaptation and adaptive management planning for the Macquarie Marshes – A wetland of international importance. In: Palutikof J.P., Boulter S.L., Barnett J. and Rissik D. (eds), Applied Studies in Climate Adaptation. p 95-106. John Wiley & Sons, Oxford.



Author Date Title Link PDF
Kingsford et al. 2017 Continental impacts of water development on waterbirds, contrasting two Australian river basins: Global implications for sustainable water use


The world’s freshwater biotas are declining in diversity, range and abundance, morethan in other realms, with human appropriation of water. Despite considerable dataon the distribution of dams and their hydrological effects on river systems, there arefew expansive and long analyses of impacts on freshwater biota. We investigatedtrends in waterbird communities over 32 years, (1983–2014), at three spatial scales intwo similarly sized large river basins, with contrasting levels of water resource devel-opment, representing almost a third (29%) of Australia: the Murray–Darling Basin andthe Lake Eyre Basin. The Murray–Darling Basin is Australia’s most developed riverbasin (240 dams storing 29,893 GL) while the Lake Eyre Basin is one of the less devel-oped basins (1 dam storing 14 GL). We compared the long-term responses of water-bird communities in the two river basins at river basin, catchment and major wetlandscales. Waterbird abundances were strongly related to river flows and rainfall. For thedeveloped Murray–Darling Basin, we identified significant long-term declines in totalabundances, functional response groups (e.g., piscivores) and individual species ofwaterbird (n = 50), associated with reductions in cumulative annual flow. These trendsindicated ecosystem level changes. Contrastingly, we found no evidence of waterbirddeclines in the undeveloped Lake Eyre Basin. We also modelled the effects of the Aus-tralian Government buying up water rights and returning these to the riverine environ-ment, at a substantial cost (>3.1 AUD billion) which were projected to partly (18%improvement) restore waterbird abundances, but projected climate change effectscould reduce these benefits considerably to only a 1% or 4% improvement, withrespective annual recovery of environmental flows of 2,800 GL or 3,200 GL. Ourunique large temporal and spatial scale analyses demonstrated severe long-term eco-logical impact of water resource development on prominent freshwater animals, withimplications for global management of water resources.

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Kingsford et al. 2015 A commentary on ‘Long-term ecological trends of flow-dependent ecosystems in a major regulated river basin’, by Colloff et al.

Colloff et al. in Marine and Freshwater Research ( examined time-series data for flow-dependent vegetation, invertebrates, fish, frogs, reptiles and waterbirds in the Murray–Darling Basin, 1905–2013. They concluded that temporal patterns fluctuated, declining during droughts and recovering after floods. They suggested that major changes in land use in the late 19th century permanently modified these freshwater ecosystems, irretrievably degrading them before major water diversions. Restoring water to the environment might then be interpreted as not addressing biotic declines. We argue that their conclusions are inadequately supported, although data quality remains patchy and they neglected the influence of hydrology and the timing and extent of water resource development. We are critical of the lack of adequate model specification and the omission of statistical power analyses. We show that declines of native flow-dependent flora and fauna have continued through the 20th and early 21st centuries, in response to multiple factors, including long-term changes in flow regimes. We argue that flow-regime changes have been critical, but not in isolation. So, returning water to the environment is a prerequisite for sustained recovery but governments need to improve monitoring and analyses to adequately determine effectiveness of management of the rivers and wetlands of the Murray–Darling Basin.

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Bino et al. 2015 Life history and dynamics of a platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus) population: four decades of mark-recapture surveys

Knowledge of the life-history and population dynamics of Australia’s iconic and evolutionarily distinct platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus) remains poor. We marked-recaptured 812 unique platypuses (total 1,622 captures), over four decades (1973–2014) in the Shoalhaven River, Australia. Strong sex-age differences were observed in life-history, including morphology and longevity. Apparent survival of adult females (Φ = 0.76) were higher than adult males (Φ = 0.57), as in juveniles: females Φ = 0.27, males Φ = 0.13. Females were highly likely to remain in the same pool (adult: P = 0.85, juvenile: P = 0.88), while residency rates were lower for males (adult: P = 0.74, juvenile: P = 0.46). We combined survival, movement and life-histories to develop population viability models and test the impact of a range of life-history parameters. While using estimated apparent survival produced unviable populations (mean population growth rate r = −0.23, extinction within 20 years), considering residency rates to adjust survival estimates, indicated more stable populations (r = 0.004, p = 0.04 of 100-year extinction). Further sensitivity analyses highlighted adult female survival and overall success of dispersal as most affecting viability. Findings provide robust life-history and viability estimates for a difficult study species. These could support developing large-scale population dynamics models required to underpin a much needed national risk assessment for the platypus, already declining in parts of its current distribution.


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Catelotti et al. 2015 Inundation Requirements for Persistence and Recovery of River Red Gums (Eucalyptus camaldulensis) in Semi-arid Australia

The building of dams and diversion from rivers has had a major impact on the wetlands of the Murray-Darling Basin. The Macquarie Marshes is one of the better studied of these wetlands. It is a wetland of international importance under the Ramsar Convention, one which the Australian Government has formally notified the Ramsar Bureau of likely ecological change in character, predominantly because of the impacts of water resource development. To read the publication click here

Bino et al. 2015 Developing State and Transition Models of Floodplain Vegetation Dynamics as a Tool for Conservation Decision-making: a Case Study of the Macquarie Marshes Ramsar Wetland

Freshwater ecosystems provide a range of critical services including clean water, food, power as well as recreational and tourism. Although covering only a fraction of the earth’s surface (0.8%), freshwater ecosystems harbour a considerable proportion of biodiversity worldwide. They are also among the more vulnerable, degrading in quality and extent at disturbing rates. Australia’s freshwater ecosystems are no exception. Degradation has predominately been driven by increasing freshwater demand and construction of dams, diminishing and altering the flow of water. To read the publication click here

Bino et al. 2015 Prioritizing Wetlands for Waterbirds in a Boom and Bust System: Waterbird Refugia and Breeding in the Murray-Darling Basin

A systematic prioritisation of wetlands for waterbirds, across about 13.5% of the Murray-Darling Basin, using a 30-year record of systematic aerial surveys of waterbird populations.

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Bino et al. 2014 Maximizing colonial waterbirds' breeding events using identified ecological thresholds and environmental flow management

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Bino et al. 2014 Identifying minimal sets of survey techniques for multi-species monitoring across landscapes: An approach utilising species distribution models

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Bino et al. 2013 Adaptive management of Ramsar wetlands View PDF
Kingsford et al. 2013 Waterbird communities in the Murray-Darling Basin, 1983-2012 View PDF
Bino et al. 2013 Niche evolution in Australian terrestrial mammals? Clarifying scale-dependencies in phylogenetic and functional drivers of co-occurrence

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Bino et al. 2013 Improving bioregional frameworks for conservation by including mammal distributions

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Roger et al. 2012 Linking habitat suitability and road mortalities across geographic ranges

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Bino 2012 Using atlas data for large scale conservation strategies: a case study of NSW’s mammals

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