Richard Kingsford

Professor Richard Kingsford
Role: Professor of Environmental Science and Director of the Centre for Ecosystem Science
Field of Research: Freshwater Ecology, Environmental Management, Zoology, Conservation
Contact details:
Phone: +61 2 9385 3442
Office: Room 567, D26 Building, UNSW, Kensington 2052



Richard's UNSW research profile and publications

Articles on The Conversation

Profile on ABC's Catalyst



Author Date Title Link PDF
Callaghan et al. 2019 Generalists are the most urban-tolerant of birds: an analysis of ecological and life history traits using a novel continuous measure of bird responses to urbanization

Abstract: Identifying which ecological and life history traits influence a species’ tolerance to urbanization is critical to understanding the trajectory of biodiversity in an increasingly urbanizing world. There is evidence for a wide array of contrasting patterns for single trait associations with urbanization. In a continental-scale analysis, incorporating 477 species and > 5,000,000 bird observations, we developed a novel and scalable methodology that evaluated the ecological and life history traits which most influence a species’ adaptability to persist in urban environments. Specifically, we assigned species-specific scores based on continuous measures of response to urbanization, using VIIRS night-time light values (i.e., radiance) as a proxy for urbanization. We identified generalized, phylogenetically controlled patterns: bird species which are generalists (i.e., large niche breadth), with large clutch size, and large residual brain size are among the most urban-tolerant bird species. Conversely, specialized feeding strategies (i.e., insectivores and granivores) were negatively associated with urbanization. Enhancement and persistence of avian biodiversity in urban environments probably relies on protecting, maintaining, and restoring diverse habitats serving a range of life history strategies.

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Callaghan et al. 2018 Avian monitoring – comparing structured and unstructured citizen science


Context. Citizen science is increasingly used to collect biodiversity data to inform conservation management, but its validity within urban greenspaces remains largely unresolved.

Aims. To assess the validity of eBird data for generating biodiversity estimates within an urban greenspace.

Methods. We compared data from structured avian surveys with eBird data at an urban greenspace in Sydney during 2012–16, using species richness and Shannon diversity indices. We also compared community composition, using nonmetric multidimensional scaling (NMDS) and dissimilarities using non-parametric MANOVA.

Key results. Structured surveys had a lower overall species richness (80 versus 116) and Shannon diversity (3.64 versus 3.94) than eBird data, but we found no significant differences when using years as replicates. After standardising the richness and diversity indices by time spent surveying in a given year, structured surveys produced significantly higher biodiversity estimates. Further, when grouped into species occupying different broad habitats, there were no significant differences in waterbird or landbird species richness, or in Shannon diversity between data sources.

Conclusions. The most likely explanation for the larger magnitudes of the biodiversity indices from the eBird data is the increase in effort manifested in the number of observers, time spent surveying and spatial coverage. This resulted in increased detection of uncommon species, which in turn accounted for a significant difference (R2 = 0.21, P = 0.015) in overall community composition measured by the two methods.

Implications. Our results highlight the opportunities provided by eBird data as a useful tool for land managers for monitoring avian communities in urban areas.

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Brandis et al. 2018 Decline in colonial waterbird breeding highlights loss of Ramsar wetland function


Water resource development on rivers significantly affects life cycles of species reliant on wetlands. However, assessing ecological impacts is often difficult because they are realised over long-time periods and large spatial scales, particularly on highly variable dryland rivers. Thirty percent of all Ramsar wetlands are in drylands. We examined the effects of diversions of water upstream on colonial waterbird breeding at the Narran Lakes, supplied by a highly variable dryland river. Narran Lakes is an important Ramsar-listed wetland in Australia for its provision of habitat for wetland fauna during key life history stages, including colonially breeding waterbirds. We use historical ibis breeding data over five decades (1970–2016) to determine the flow requirements for colonial waterbird breeding and modelled the impacts of water resource management options (current and restoration) on breeding. We identified thresholds (> 154,000 ML in 90 days with a secondary threshold of > 20,000 ML in the first 10 days) of river flow volume necessary to stimulate breeding. Water resource development reduced the frequency of large flows resulting in ibis breeding by 170%, from 1 in 4.2 years to 1 in 11.4 years. Restoration efforts by government to recover water for the environment was predicted to improve colonial waterbird breeding frequency associated with large flow events to 1 in 6.71 years, representing a 59% reduction from pre-development periods. Our framework has global application as a method for identifying long-term impacts of water resource development on key Ramsar wetland areas. This is important, as few mechanisms exist for assessing impacts and identifying restoration options on the listed criteria for many Ramsar wetlands.

Link to paper:!

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Callaghan et al. 2018 Unnatural history: is a paradigm shift of natural history in 21st century ornithology needed?


Natural history, across disciplines, is essential for the continuation of science, especially as we attempt to identify the myriad of threats that biodiversity faces in this rapidly changing world. Recording the natural history of birds is perhaps the most prominent, widespread and long‐standing pursuit of this activity. Yet, there is a distinct decrease in publishing of natural history in the ornithological sciences. Concomitantly, the natural history information being published is often in small and regional journals, less accessible by the global ornithological community. We argue that historical natural history needs a modern reinvigoration, and should focus on placing natural history observations in the context of an anthropogenically altered world – ‘unnatural history’. This includes, but is not limited to, behavioural adaptations, novel diet choices, hybridization and novel adaptations to urbanization. Here, we elaborate on natural history's place in modern ornithology, how this relates to citizen science and the potential cost of ignoring it. Ultimately, increased accessibility of natural history observations, encouragement of amateur ornithologists' participation in professional societies (and vice versa) and targeted citizen science projects are potential mechanisms by which to reinvigorate natural history in 21st century ornithology.

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Callaghan et al. 2018 The effects of local and landscape habitat attributes on bird diversity in urban greenspaces


Contrasting trajectories of biodiversity loss and urban expansion make it imperative to understand biodiversity persistence in cities. Size‐, local‐, and landscape‐level habitat factors of greenspaces in cities may be critical for future design and management of urban greenspaces in conserving bird biodiversity. Most current understanding of bird communities in cities has come from disparate analyses of single cities, over relatively short time periods, producing limited understanding of processes and characteristics of bird patterns for improved biodiversity management of the world's cities. We analyzed bird biodiversity in 112 urban greenspaces from 51 cities across eight countries, using eBird, a broadscale citizen science project. Species richness and Shannon diversity were used as response variables, while percent tree cover, percent water cover, and vegetation index were used as habitat predictor variables at both a landscape (5 and 25 km radius) and local‐scale level (specific to an individual greenspace) in the modeling process, retrieved using Google Earth Engine. Area of a greenspace was the most important predictor of bird biodiversity, underlining the critical importance of habitat area as the most important factor for increasing bird biodiversity and mitigating loss from urbanization. Surprisingly, distance from the city center and distance from the coast were not significantly related to bird biodiversity. Landscape‐scale habitat predictors were less related to bird biodiversity than local‐scale habitat predictors. Ultimately, bird biodiversity loss could be mitigated by protecting and developing large greenspaces with varied habitat in the world's cities.


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Lyons et al. 2018 Bird interactions with drones, from individuals to large colonies


Drones are rapidly becoming a key part of the toolkit for a range of scientific disciplines, as well as a range of management and commercial applications. This presents challenges in the context of how drone use might impact on nearby wildlife, especially birds as they might share the airspace. This paper presents observations (from 97 flight hours) and offers preliminary guidance for drone-monitoring exercises and future research to develop guidelines for safe and effective monitoring with drones. Our study sites spanned a range of arid, semi-arid, dunefield, floodplain, wetland, woodland, forest, coastal heath and urban environments in south-eastern and central Australia. They included a nesting colony of >200 000 Straw-necked Ibis Threskiornis spinicollis, the largest drone-based bird-monitoring exercise to date. We particularly focused on behavioural changes towards drones during the breeding season, interactions with raptors, and effects on birds nesting in large colonies—three areas yet to be explored in published literature. Some aggressive behaviour was encountered from solitary breeding birds, but several large breeding bird colonies were surveyed without such issues. With multi-rotor drones, we observed no incidents that posed a threat to birds, but one raptor attacked and took down a fixed-wing drone. In addition to providing observations of interactions with specific bird species, we detail our procedures for flight planning, safe flying and avoidance of birds, and highlight the need for more research into bird– drone interactions, most notably with respect to territorial breeding birds, safety around large raptors, and the effects of drones on the behaviour of birds in large breeding colonies.

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Callaghan et al. 2018 A comment on the limitations of UAVS in wildlife research - the example of colonial nesting waterbirds
Blakey et al. 2018 Importance of wetlands to bats on a dry continent: a review and meta-analysis

Abstract: Australia has diverse landscapes ranging from wet tropical regions in the north to temperate regions in the south and a vast arid interior. This variety has given rise to not only a speciose bat fauna, but also a variety of wetland ecosystems. The relationship between bats and wetlands is influenced by a range of environmental gradients including: aridity and climate variability, hydrological, structural, productivity and salinity. However, little is known about how these gradients influence bats in Australian wetland systems. Our aim was to determine whether wetlands were important for Australia’s bat communities, identify the environmental gradients influencing this importance, and review the threats to wetland bat communities combining a review and meta-analysis. We reviewed the literature on bats within wetland ecosystems in six ecoregions (arid, semi-arid floodplain, temperate, tropics, estuarine/saline and urban) in Australia. We used a meta-analysis to estimate relative wetland importance across ecoregions by calculating the effect size of the difference in bat activity between 43 paired wet and dry habitats. Bats were significantly more active in wet than surrounding dry habitats in arid and semi-arid floodplain. Urban wetlands also hosted greater bat activity than surrounding dry areas in 4 out of 7 sites. Wetlands were generally less important for bats in warm, wet tropical areas, and more important for bats in dry landscapes where landscape woody cover and productivity were low. Relative to dry areas within each region assessed, wetlands were most important for bats in semi-arid floodplain and urban regions. These regions are also under greatest threats from vegetation clearing, modification of flow regimes, development pressures, pollution and climate change.

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Bino et al. 2018 Floodplain ecosystem dynamics under extreme dry and wet phases in semi‐arid Australia


1. Ecological networks are a cornerstone of ecological theory, offering an integrated approach to understanding food webs and ecosystem dynamics required for restoration and conservation ecology.

2. We investigated ecological network dynamics in a large floodplain undergoing extreme variation in water availability, with drought and subsequent flooding representing a resource pulse. We used structural equation models to quantify ecological network dynamics for the Lowbidgee floodplain (Australia), based on surveys over 5 years while the floodplain transitioned from extremely dry (2009, 2010) to wet (2011) and post‐wet (2013, 2014) conditions.

3. We identified significant associations of species and trophic guilds with inundation at the site and floodplain scale, which allowed us to quantify the strength of biotic interactions within the network and the stability of interactions under differing patterns of resource availability. At the floodplain scale, most taxa responded strongly in distribution and abundance to the 2011 resource pulse, a widespread flood, but this response did not persist during subsequent years of moderate floods. In contrast, fish species, both native and exotic, responded strongly only in the post‐wet period. At the fine spatial scale (i.e., sites), complex responses were observed, with only waterbirds, frogs and tadpoles positively associated with inundation, while fish species showed a range of associations with fine‐scale inundation. Biotic interactions within sites, across all trophic guilds, were predominately overridden by inundation and water temperature, mediated by strong associations with aquatic vegetation.

4. Stratifying the ecological network to dry, wet and post‐wet periods highlighted varying associations of taxa with fine‐scale inundation, generally responding synchronously to resource pulses, with relatively weak biotic interactions. Associations with site‐scale inundation were strongest during the post‐wet period for fishes and frogs. Only Litoria spp. (Hylidae) tadpoles, waterbirds and aquatic vegetation had positive associations with site‐scale inundation during the dry period.

5. We conclude that responses of trophic guilds are largely dependent on the way they interact with their environment at particular spatial and temporal scales. Our investigation of this ecological network reinforced the importance of hydrological drivers over biotic interactions, with clear implications for the management of environmental flows, particularly in systems recovering from long‐term flow alteration. Management efforts should focus environmental flows to promote specialist species (e.g., southern bell frog, Litoria raniformis) and Murray hardyhead (Craterocephalus fluviatilis: Atherinidae), waterbirds and aquatic vegetation over the more generalist fish species that have established because of the loss of the natural flow regime.

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Callaghan et al. 2018 Travelling birds generate eco-travellers: The economic potential of vagrant birdwatching

Avitourism is one of the faster growing subsectors of ecotourism, recognized for its economic value. Much of our current understanding of the economic value of avitourism revolves around bird festivals, migration events, or well-known birdwatching sites. Birdwatchers are a diverse group, some of whom competitively seek vagrant birds (i.e., birds outside their normal geographic range). The economic value from these unpredictable and transient birdwatching events remains poorly known. Using the travel cost method in a readily-quantifiable environment, we estimated that a vagrant Black-backed Oriole in Pennsylvania, United States of America, stimulated travel activity valued at about $223,000 USD or about $3,000 per day over 67 days. Some birdwatchers value rare birds, contributing significant time and financial resources to their viewing. Identifying such significant real economic value from avitourism can help to evaluate competing costs in debate over human land-use scenarios.

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Bino et al. 2018 Use of implanted acoustic tags to assess platypus movement behaviour across spatial and temporal scales

Abstract: The platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus) is an evolutionarily distinct mammal, endemic to Australian freshwaters. Many aspects of its ecology and life-history, including detailed understanding of movements, are poorly known, hampered by its cryptic and mainly nocturnal habits and small numbers. We effectively trialled intraperitoneal implanted acoustic transmitters in nine platypuses in the Severn River (NSW), Australia, as a potential approach for studying movements in this challenging species. We tracked platypus movements over six months, at fine and broad spatial scales, using an array of acoustic sensors. Over six months (March-August 2016), four of five adult platypuses (two females\three males) maintained localized movements (average monthly maximums 0.37 km ± 0.03 sd), while one adult, one sub-adult, and one juvenile (males) moved further: average monthly maxima 1.2 km ± 2.0 sd, 0.9 km ± 0.6 sd, 4.5 km ± 5.9 sd, respectively. The longest recorded movement was by a male adult, covering 11.1 km in three days and travelling a maximum distance of about 13 km between records. Only one implanted animal was not detected immediately after release, indicative of transmission failure rather than an adverse event. High cumulative daily movements (daily 1.9 km ± 0.8 sd) indicated high metabolic requirements, with implications for previous estimates of platypus abundances and carrying capacities, essential for effective conservation. This novel approach offers new avenues to investigate relating to mating, nesting, and intraspecific competition behaviours and their temporal and spatial variation.

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Callaghan et al. 2017 Assessing the reliability of avian biodiversity measures of urban greenspaces using eBird citizen science data

ABSTRACT. Urban greenspaces are important areas for biodiversity, serving multiple uses, sometimes including conservation and biodiversity management. Citizen science provides a cheap and potentially effective method of assisting biodiversity management in urban greenspaces. Despite this potential, the minimum amount of citizen science data required to adequately represent a community is largely untested. We used eBird data to test the minimum sampling effort required to be confident in results for three biological metrics, species richness, Shannon diversity, and community composition (Bray-Curtis similarity). For our data, from 30 urban greenspaces in North America, for a 90% threshold level, a minimum mean number of 210, 33, and 58 checklists were necessary for species richness, Shannon diversity, and community composition, respectively. However, when we eliminated those species that were present in fewer than 5% of checklists at a given site, there was a marked decrease in mean minimum number of checklists required (17, 9, and 52, respectively). Depending on the ecological questions of interest, eBird data may be a potentially reliable data source in urban greenspaces. We provide a validation methodology using eBird data, with its associated code in the R statistical environment, to provide confidence for land managers and community groups managing urban greenspaces.

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Kingsford 2017 Submission on proposed Basin Plan amendments for the Northern Basin

Scientific evidence supports an increase in environmental flows to achieve sustainability for the environmental assets of the Northern Basin and the Murray-Darling Basin, beyond the 390GLs per year. The proposed reduction of 70 GL per year will continue to drive ongoing degradation of northern basin environmental values and ecosystem services provided by rivers, requiring future adjustments to provide more water for the rivers, particularly with the increasing effects of climate change of increasing temperatures and potential changes to run-off. This submission identifies eight major concerns which clearly show there is insufficient evidence for a recommendation to reduce the environmental flow target of the Northern Basin of the Murray-Darling Basin. The submission provides 10 reasons for supporting this position of rejecting the recommendations for reductions in water recovery.

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Kingsford et al. 2017 Continental impacts of water development on waterbirds, contrasting two Australian river basins: Global implications for sustainable water use


The world’s freshwater biotas are declining in diversity, range and abundance, morethan in other realms, with human appropriation of water. Despite considerable dataon the distribution of dams and their hydrological effects on river systems, there arefew expansive and long analyses of impacts on freshwater biota. We investigatedtrends in waterbird communities over 32 years, (1983–2014), at three spatial scales intwo similarly sized large river basins, with contrasting levels of water resource devel-opment, representing almost a third (29%) of Australia: the Murray–Darling Basin andthe Lake Eyre Basin. The Murray–Darling Basin is Australia’s most developed riverbasin (240 dams storing 29,893 GL) while the Lake Eyre Basin is one of the less devel-oped basins (1 dam storing 14 GL). We compared the long-term responses of water-bird communities in the two river basins at river basin, catchment and major wetlandscales. Waterbird abundances were strongly related to river flows and rainfall. For thedeveloped Murray–Darling Basin, we identified significant long-term declines in totalabundances, functional response groups (e.g., piscivores) and individual species ofwaterbird (n = 50), associated with reductions in cumulative annual flow. These trendsindicated ecosystem level changes. Contrastingly, we found no evidence of waterbirddeclines in the undeveloped Lake Eyre Basin. We also modelled the effects of the Aus-tralian Government buying up water rights and returning these to the riverine environ-ment, at a substantial cost (>3.1 AUD billion) which were projected to partly (18%improvement) restore waterbird abundances, but projected climate change effectscould reduce these benefits considerably to only a 1% or 4% improvement, withrespective annual recovery of environmental flows of 2,800 GL or 3,200 GL. Ourunique large temporal and spatial scale analyses demonstrated severe long-term eco-logical impact of water resource development on prominent freshwater animals, withimplications for global management of water resources.

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Rees et al. 2017 In the absence of an apex predator, irruptive herbivores suppress grass seed production: Implications for small granivores


Many examples exist of species disappearing shortly after the extinction of a previously co-occurring apex predator, however processes connecting these events are often obscure. In Australian deserts, dingo Canis dingo eradication is associated with declines in abundances of small granivorous birds, even though dingoes and these flying birds rarely directly interact. We hypothesised that dingoes facilitate small granivores by reducing populations of large, grazing kangaroos Macropus spp., thereby increasing grass seed production and availability. To test this prediction, we monitored kangaroo abundances and surveyed grass seed production and biomass of native pastures in matched, desert habitats with dingoes and where dingoes were functionally extinct. Dingo absence was associated with 99.9% greater abundances of kangaroos, 88% - 98% lower pasture biomasses and 85% - 97% lower densities of grass seed heads. To test that these vegetation effects were related to kangaroo grazing, we constructed large herbivore exclosures in areas where dingoes where functionally extinct and there were no grazing livestock. After three years of kangaroo exclusion, pasture biomass and grass seed production were each 87% greater than in adjacent, grazed control plots. Regeneration of vegetation within the kangaroo exclosures demonstrated that kangaroo grazing was responsible for the differences in native pastures we had observed associated with the functional extinction of dingoes. Our results indicate that reduction of grass seed availability by kangaroo grazing is a likely explanation for the relative rarity of small granivorous birds in areas where dingoes are functionally extinct. In areas where apex predators have been eradicated, reintroducing and conserving apex predators or intensively controlling mammalian herbivores would be necessary to mitigate destructive herbivory.

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Kingsford 2017 The integrity of the water market in the Murray-Darling Basin View PDF
Callaghan et al. 2017 A probable Australian White Ibis Threskiornis moluccus × Straw-necked Ibis T. spinicollis hybrid

Abstract. We observed a probable juvenile Australian White Ibis Threskiornis moluccus × Straw-necked Ibis T. spinicollis hybrid on the Lachlan River catchment, New South Wales, in November 2016. Photographs, combined with observations, demonstrate phenotypic characteristics of both these ibis species. The bird had a pattern on the wing similar to the Australian White Ibis but coloration on the body similar to the Straw-necked Ibis. To our knowledge, this is only the second report of a probable hybrid between these two species in the wild, and the first report documented with photographs.

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Bino et al. 2015 Prioritizing Wetlands for Waterbirds in a Boom and Bust System: Waterbird Refugia and Breeding in the Murray-Darling Basin

A systematic prioritisation of wetlands for waterbirds, across about 13.5% of the Murray-Darling Basin, using a 30-year record of systematic aerial surveys of waterbird populations.

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Kingsford 2015 From barriers to limits to climate change adaptation: path dependency and the speed of change

This review examines the broad-ranging effects of climate change with respect to six case studies: the Australian Alps, the Coorong and Lower Lakes, the Great Barrier Reef, the Macquarie Marshes, small inland communities affected by drought and the Torres Strait Islands.

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Kingsford et al. 2015 A commentary on ‘Long-term ecological trends of flow-dependent ecosystems in a major regulated river basin’, by Colloff et al.

Colloff et al. in Marine and Freshwater Research ( examined time-series data for flow-dependent vegetation, invertebrates, fish, frogs, reptiles and waterbirds in the Murray–Darling Basin, 1905–2013. They concluded that temporal patterns fluctuated, declining during droughts and recovering after floods. They suggested that major changes in land use in the late 19th century permanently modified these freshwater ecosystems, irretrievably degrading them before major water diversions. Restoring water to the environment might then be interpreted as not addressing biotic declines. We argue that their conclusions are inadequately supported, although data quality remains patchy and they neglected the influence of hydrology and the timing and extent of water resource development. We are critical of the lack of adequate model specification and the omission of statistical power analyses. We show that declines of native flow-dependent flora and fauna have continued through the 20th and early 21st centuries, in response to multiple factors, including long-term changes in flow regimes. We argue that flow-regime changes have been critical, but not in isolation. So, returning water to the environment is a prerequisite for sustained recovery but governments need to improve monitoring and analyses to adequately determine effectiveness of management of the rivers and wetlands of the Murray–Darling Basin.

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Catelotti et al. 2015 Inundation Requirements for Persistence and Recovery of River Red Gums (Eucalyptus camaldulensis) in Semi-arid Australia

The building of dams and diversion from rivers has had a major impact on the wetlands of the Murray-Darling Basin. The Macquarie Marshes is one of the better studied of these wetlands. It is a wetland of international importance under the Ramsar Convention, one which the Australian Government has formally notified the Ramsar Bureau of likely ecological change in character, predominantly because of the impacts of water resource development. To read the publication click here

Bino et al. 2015 Life history and dynamics of a platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus) population: four decades of mark-recapture surveys

Knowledge of the life-history and population dynamics of Australia’s iconic and evolutionarily distinct platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus) remains poor. We marked-recaptured 812 unique platypuses (total 1,622 captures), over four decades (1973–2014) in the Shoalhaven River, Australia. Strong sex-age differences were observed in life-history, including morphology and longevity. Apparent survival of adult females (Φ = 0.76) were higher than adult males (Φ = 0.57), as in juveniles: females Φ = 0.27, males Φ = 0.13. Females were highly likely to remain in the same pool (adult: P = 0.85, juvenile: P = 0.88), while residency rates were lower for males (adult: P = 0.74, juvenile: P = 0.46). We combined survival, movement and life-histories to develop population viability models and test the impact of a range of life-history parameters. While using estimated apparent survival produced unviable populations (mean population growth rate r = −0.23, extinction within 20 years), considering residency rates to adjust survival estimates, indicated more stable populations (r = 0.004, p = 0.04 of 100-year extinction). Further sensitivity analyses highlighted adult female survival and overall success of dispersal as most affecting viability. Findings provide robust life-history and viability estimates for a difficult study species. These could support developing large-scale population dynamics models required to underpin a much needed national risk assessment for the platypus, already declining in parts of its current distribution.


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Bino et al. 2015 Developing State and Transition Models of Floodplain Vegetation Dynamics as a Tool for Conservation Decision-making: a Case Study of the Macquarie Marshes Ramsar Wetland

Freshwater ecosystems provide a range of critical services including clean water, food, power as well as recreational and tourism. Although covering only a fraction of the earth’s surface (0.8%), freshwater ecosystems harbour a considerable proportion of biodiversity worldwide. They are also among the more vulnerable, degrading in quality and extent at disturbing rates. Australia’s freshwater ecosystems are no exception. Degradation has predominately been driven by increasing freshwater demand and construction of dams, diminishing and altering the flow of water. To read the publication click here

Porter and Kingsford 2014 Aerial Survey of Wetland Birds in Eastern Australia - October 2014 Annual Summary Report View PDF
Bino et al. 2014 Maximizing colonial waterbirds' breeding events using identified ecological thresholds and environmental flow management

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Kingsford et al. 2014 Birds of the Murray-Darling Basin

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Bino et al. 2014 Identifying minimal sets of survey techniques for multi-species monitoring across landscapes: An approach utilising species distribution models

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Jenkins et al. 2013 Monitoring of ecosystem responses to the delivery of environmental water in the Lower Murrumbidgee River and wetlands, 2011‐2012.
Steinfeld et al. 2013 Semi-automated GIS techniques for detecting floodplain earthworks

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Boulton et al. 2013 Good news: Progress in successful conservation and restoration.
Binder et al. 2013 Emergence, growth, ageing and provisioning of Providence Petrel (Pterodroma solandri) chicks: implications for translocation

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Dahm et al. 2013 The role of science in planning, policy and conservation of river ecosystems: Examples from Australia and the United States
Porter and Kingsford 2013 Aerial Survey of Wetland Birds in Eastern Australia - October 2013 Annual Summary Report View PDF
Kingsford and McCann 2013 Adequacy of environmental assessment of the proposed Macquarie River pipeline to the city of Orange View PDF
Bino et al. 2013 Niche evolution in Australian terrestrial mammals? Clarifying scale-dependencies in phylogenetic and functional drivers of co-occurrence

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Bino et al. 2013 Improving bioregional frameworks for conservation by including mammal distributions

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AWRLC 2013 AWRLC Annual Report 2012 View PDF
Keith et al. 2013 Scientific foundations for an IUCN Red List of ecosystems

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Bino et al. 2013 Adaptive management of Ramsar wetlands View PDF
Ocock et al. 2013 Amphibian chytrid prevalence in an amphibian community in arid Australia

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Kingsford et al. 2013 Waterbird communities in the Murray-Darling Basin, 1983-2012 View PDF
Lindenmayer et al. 2012 Improving biodiversity monitoring

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Arthur et al. 2012 Breeding flow thresholds of colonial breeding waterbirds in the Murray-Darling Basin, Australia

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Porter and Kingsford 2012 Aerial Survey of Wetland Birds in Eastern Australia - October 2012 Annual Summary Report View PDF
Melrose et al. 2012 Using radar to detect flooding in arid wetlands and rivers

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Nairn and Kingsford 2012 Wetland distribution and land use in the Murray-Darling Basin View PDF
Kingsford et al. 2012 National Waterbird Assessment

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Kingsford and Biggs 2012 Strategic adaptive management: guidelines for effective conservation of freshwater ecosystems in and around protected areas of the world View PDF
Kingsford and Porter 2012 Waterbird monitoring in Australia: value, challenges and lessons learnt after more than 25 years

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Porter et al. 2011 Aerial Survey of Wetland Birds in Eastern Australia - October 2011 Annual Summary Report View PDF
Brandis et al. 2011 Crisis water management and ibis breeding at Narran Lakes in arid Australia
Ridoutt and Kingsford 2011 Organohalogenated pollutants in Australian white ibis (Threskiornis molucca) eggs View PDF
Gawne et al. 2011 A Review of River Ecosystem Condition in the Murray-Darling Basin View PDF
Jenkins et al. 2011 Climate change and freshwater ecosystems in Oceania: an assessment of vulnerability and adaptation opportunities
Kingsford 2011 Conservation management of rivers and wetlands under climate change - a synthesis

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Jenkins et al. 2011 Invertebrate monitoring and modeling in the Macquarie Marshes
Nairn et al. 2011 A case study of risks to flows and floodplain ecosystems posed by structures on the Macquarie Floodplain View PDF
Ren and Kingsford 2011 Statistically Integrated Flow and Flood Modelling Compared to Hydrologically Integrated Quantity and Quality Model for Annual Flows in the Regulated Macquarie River in Arid Australia

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Brandis et al. 2011 Lowbidgee 2010/2011 Colonial Waterbird Breeding View PDF
Kingsford and Hankin 2010 The impact of the proposed Tillegra Dam on the Hunter River Estuary, its Ramsar wetland and migratory shorebirds View PDF
Kingsford 2010 Recent salinity trends in the Hunter River Estuary - implications for proposed building of Tillegra Dam View PDF
Blackwood et al. 2010 The effect of river red gum decline on woodland birds in the Macquarie Marshes View PDF
Kingsford et al. 2010 Measuring ecosystem responses to flow across organism scales. Northern Basin Southern Basin: Ecosystem Response Modelling in the Murray Darling Basin
Brandis et al. 2009 Environmental Watering for Waterbirds in The Living Murray Icon Sites View PDF
Rayner et al. 2009 Small environmental flows, drought and the role of refugia for freshwater fish in the Macquarie Marshes, arid Australia
Brandis et al. 2009 Preliminary assessment for the environmental water requirements of waterbird species in the Murray Darling Basin View PDF
Kingsford et al. 2009 Engineering a crisis in a Ramsar wetland: the Coorong, Lower Lakes and Murray Mouth, Australia View PDF
Jenkins et al. 2009 Developing Indicators for Floodplain Wetlands: Managing Water in Agricultural Landscapes
Armstrong et al. 2009 The effect of regulating the Lachlan River on the Booligal Wetlands - the floodplain red gum swamps View PDF
Jenkins et al. 2009 Waterbird diet, foraging and food analysis: Narran Lakes ibis breeding event 2008
Kingsford et al. 2008 A case study: floodplain development on the Paroo River, the last free-flowing river in the Murray-Darling Basin View PDF
Green et al. 2008 The potential role of waterbirds in dispersing invertebrates and plants in arid Australia
Kingsford et al. 2008 Waterbrid response to flooding in the northern Murray-Darling Basin 2008 View PDF
Kingsford 2007 Heritage Rivers: new directions for the protection of Australia's high conservation rivers, wetlands and estuaries
Young et al. 2006 Modelling monthly streamflows in two Australian dryland rivers: Matching model complexity to spatial scale and data availability
Kingsford et al. 2004 Classifying landform at broad spatial scales: the distribution and conservation of wetlands in New South Wales, Australia
Kingsford et al. 2004 Imposed hydrological stability on lakes in arid Australia and effects on waterbirds
Kingsford et al. 1994 Waterbirds and Wetlands in Northwestern New South Wales View PDF
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